Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria has been observed with increasing frequency over the past several decades. Bacteria and other pathogens have always evolved and resist the new drugs that medicine has used to combat them. Resistance has increasingly become a problem in recent years because the pace at which we are discovering novel antibiotics has slowed drastically, while antibiotic use is rising. And it is not just a problem confined to bacteria, but all microbes that have the potential to mutate and render our drugs ineffective. The great strides forward made over the past few decades, even to manage malaria and HIV, could be reversed, with several diseases once again spiralling out of control.